This study emphasizes the association between two distinct raw material sources and object categories: the anthropomorphic figurines with metal ornaments, especially copper and gold.
First of all, this presentation will cover mainly the distribution of antropomorphic figurines with metal ornaments in the Kodjadermen-Gumelnița-Karanovo VI cultural area (e.g Căscioarele-Ostrovel, Pietrele-Măgura Gorgana, Sultana, Vidra, Măriuța, Karanovo etc.); the importance of the raw material sources used by the prehistoric communities to manufacture the figurines as well as the ornaments. In Kodjadermen-Gumelnița-Karanovo VI complex, the figurines with metal ornaments were made mainly of bone, with some exceptions (the clay figurine identified in the Durankulak necropolis).
We will analyze the connection between the archaeological context and the identification of the figurines (the majority of them were found in settlements). The morphological and technological approach is necessary, because of the specificity of this category of materials.
The distribution of the ornaments on the figurine bodies will be discussed (head, neck, abdomen, ankle. The association of the human representations with ornaments (rings, earrings, ankle ornaments) line out the anatomical details of the figurines.
The widely distribution of the antropomorphic figurines is well known across the study area, so the identification of the metal ornaments alow us to give the material a diferent interpretation. We have to take into account the symbolism of the anthropomorphic figurines with metal ornaments, as an association between common ( bone, clay) and exotic (copper and gold) materials was made.
Also, a parallel between the distribution of the burial inventory in Kodjadermen-Gumelnița-Karanovo VI cultural area and the distribution of the metal ornaments on the figurine bodies (head, neck, abdomen, ankle) will be discussed.
In Southeastern Romanian Neo-eneolitic archaeological necropolis there were discovered burials which contained inventory such as malachite beads (e.g. Cernica, Sultana-Malu Roșu), similar to the inventory found in the Durankulak burials.
We will analyse the distribution of the inventory on the skeletons, as well as the symbolism applied.
Last but not least, the phenomena of the antropomorphic figurines with metal ornaments discoveries generates characteristics which could apply to the entire cultural complex, from the southeastern Romania, as well as northern Bulgaria.
To conclude, this presentation focuses on the study of the anthropomorphic figurines with metal ornaments from the study area (raw materials, morphological and technological characteristics, symbolism), with a parallel to the distribution of the inventory in the KGK VI burials, southeastern Romania specifically.