The monumental tombs in Thrace from the Late Classical and Hellenistic period are very important for the study on the relations between the Thracian territories and Greece, Asia Minor and Macedonia as their plans, building materials, construction and architectural decoration reflect the main trends in the architecture of the Mediterranean world during these periods. An important aspect of the study on the Thracian tomb architecture is the examination of the furniture used in their interior. The material collected so far is sufficient enough to allow us to draw a relatively clear picture of the furniture types used in the Thracian tombs and show the influence which Asia Minor, Greece and Macedonia had over the tomb furnishing in Thrace. The importance of the problem is further emphasized by the recently published comprehensive studies on the furniture (mainly funerary couches) from the neighbouring areas.
The main focus point in these studies are the klinai as they are the most common type of furniture used in the interior of the tombs. The typology of H. Kyrieleis which is used in all major publications on the topic, divides the furniture into three main types - A, B and C, based on the decoration of their front side. Examples of all three types are also found in Thrace. The current paper will focus on the furniture with type B decoration from burial complexes in Thrace and will present their main features, stylistic characteristics, possible influences and chronological framework. The type B furniture is characterized by rectangular legs with semicircular incisions on each side; volutes at the four ends of the cutouts; small circular discs resembling volute eyes in the middle of the cutout sections and palmettes above and below the incisions. The examples of type B furniture from Thrace are the two funerary beds from the tomb in Ginina mogila near Sveshtari (the Caryatids tomb), the kline from the tomb at Naip, the kline from the tomb at Varbitsa, the funerary bed in the Ostrusha tomb near Kazanluk and the kline-sarcophagus from the tomb in Malko Belovo. Another funerary bed coming from a tomb near Tekirdag which is currently on view in the lapidarium of the Archaeological museum in Tekirdag also belongs to this type. Klinai were found in two more tombs in Southeastern Thrace - the tomb in the “C” tumulus at Kirklareli and the tomb at Kirklareli-Eriklice. The researchers suggest that they belong to the same type based on their closeness to the Naip tomb. Unfortunately these are neither published nor preserved so their further analysis is not possible.
The examples mentioned above show that furniture with type B decoration is spread throughout whole Thrace during the Late Classical and Hellenistic period and are an evidence for the contacts between Thrace and the neighbouring areas during these periods. They also suggest that the trends, typical for the architecture and the architectural decoration in the Mediterranean region, were known and used in Thrace as well. The tendency to install furniture in funerary contexts developed in the Thracian territories simultaneously with the other neighbouring areas and is connected to the idea of heroizating the deceased.