5th Millennium BC is a period of key innovations, that have set the stage for broad social change, such as the emergence of complex societies, long distance exchange networks, as well as the rise of urban centers and the first states in the Near East during the following millennia. Among the technological innovations of the 5th Millennium BC, metal working is of critical importance, due to its far reaching consequences in the social domain. Although, recent studies suggest an earlier dating for the beginnings of extractive metallurgy, within the last centuries of the 6th Millennium BC; increasing frequency of metal finds, together with an expansion of metallurgical knowledge and practices (for instance the diversification of metal objects, application of new raw materials, and alloying), imply a rapid development during the 5th Millennium BC, which runs parallel to the integration of metallurgy into the wider social and economic contexts.

While there has been a significant number of studies that focus on the development of early metallurgy in the Near East, Anatolia or Southeastern Europe separately, an attempt to provide an overview of the subject on supra-regional level had been missing. A crucial step towards the holistic study of the 5th Millennium BC metallurgy, is the integration of chronological frameworks and synchronization of material assemblages over a large area. In this paper I will try to provide an outline of the existing 14C data from excavated sites located between the Kerman Range in Iran to the Morava River in Serbia. All raw dates in the dataset will be re-calibrated using the IntCal13 atmospheric curve in order to obtain standardized and comparable results. The results will be grouped according to the material assemblages that they are associated with, and the chronological implications will be discussed.