Despite many decades of research on anthropomorphic plastic of the Neolithic and Chalcolithic in Southeastern Europe, their observable find contexts inside the settlements received little attention so far. Even if examples of figurines in seemingly special connections or arrangements were published, it is meanwhile sure, that they are not at all representing the whole picture. With the excavations of the Chalcolithic (5th millennium BC) tell settlement “Măgura Gorgana” at Pietrele (Romania), ongoing since 2002, and its surrounding flat settlement, an outstanding possibility is given to change that view. Almost 600 pieces of complete or fragmented anthropomorphic figurines made of clay, bone, antler and marble were discovered until now at this site and their find spots were precisely measured. The number of these anthropomorphic representations and their contexts in Pietrele provide an excellent picture of how common their appearance was inside the settlement. They were found in every house discovered so far as well as in the space between the buildings. Concerning the clay figurines, the stratigraphical distribution enables to observe a certain change of the spectrum of anthropomorphic representations from a stereotype to more complex one. Bone figurines on the other hand seem to be missing in the early settlement phases. There are examinable differences between figurines of clay and bone, not only in their shape, but also in the way they were treated before they were deposited. By mapping different types of anthropomorphic items, the cultural relations of the Chalcolithic tell settlements of the in the Lower Danube Region can be shown as well as the sphere of the so called Gumelniţa Culture. At the same time influences and possible networks with other cultural circles between the Danube and the Balkan Mountains and even to the northeast can be observed.